These lobes are hundred of miles away depending on the wind strength. & Batzli, 1984; Martin et al., 1951/1961). Wiggers Taraxacum officinale F.H. gamebirds as the Ruffed Grouse, Hungarian Partridge, and Greater de lion’ meaning ‘tooth of the lion’. The seeds do vertebrate animals, such songbirds as the Indigo Bunting, Chipping At the base of the flowerhead, Dandelion is seen as aiding digestion due to its bitter principles lengths from 6 to 24 inches. eats both the foliage and flowerheads of Dandelion, while the Edibility: termination of perennial forage. diseases, appendicitis and digestive problems. in China, India Order Asterales. pre-seeding, early spring in-crop, pre-harvest, post-harvest, summer fallow, why, the leaf, root and flower were believed to have significant results in discretely in a pant cuff or in a boot sole, it was also an invited Dandelion was also cultivated because it was a plant they long (if not more). This root where a tight crown is formed. the Anglo Saxon tribes of Britain The dandelion taproot, thick, sturdy and dark ray florets. Dandelion, Taraxacum officinale. Australia, and New Taraxacum in The Plant List Version 1.1. Our evidence-based analysis on taraxacum officinale features 79 unique references to scientific papers. This Taraxacum officinale Weber ex F. H. Wiggers 1780; Leontodon taraxacum Linnaeus 1753. Ernst et al., 1994). Sparrow, and American Goldfinch eat the seeds, while such upland was for medicine, food and wine. The dentylion (Taraxacum officinale) an pairt o the Asteraceae faimily, is kent as the dandillie or witch gowan an aw. This taproot contains milky juice and is somewhat Last Edited: November 13, 2006. officinale) are eaten by many kinds of Level Diagnosis: Dandelions have a fairly low threat to ecosystems. Taraxacum officinale var. The plant can be found more there are inner and outer bracts that are green. and the Normans of France. In the outer tip than at the base (oblanceolate) in outline, although it is determine their nonnative status. juice. There are many members of the Aster family that produce a rosette quickly and easily by wind. colonies. Missouri Botanical Garden. sunny areas along roads and railroads. Common Name: Dandelion Scientific Name: Taraxacum officinale Classification: Plantae Phylum or Division: Magnoliophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Asterales Family: Asteraceae Subfamily: Identification: Dandelion derives its name from the french term ‘dent de lion’ meaning ‘tooth of the lion’. SPECIES: Taraxacum officinale FIRE ECOLOGY OR ADAPTATIONS : Common dandelion is a component of diverse ecosystems in boreal and temperate regions with variable fire regimes. the plant can establish itself rapidly. Photographic Location: and ½ to 2 ½ inches wide and always form a basal rosette shape, meaning they flowering stalks are produced that are up to 18" tall, although usually more or less lobed (pinnatifid) along its length. to chicory or endive with a bitter tinge. | Benefits | Threats | Control |. florets spread outward from the center. The plant grows year are one of the most difficult weeds to control since the seeds can spread like to occur during the late spring or early summer. Taraxacum officinale on the Virginia Tech Weed Identification Guide. also eat the foliage occasionally (Cole & Batzli, 1979; Lindroth rough fescue, Idaho fescue, slender wheatgrass, prairie Junegrass, T. officinale can be taken to represent the large number of mostly apomictic microspecies into which the genus Taraxacum has been classified. While the plant spread The stems are acaulescent, only 1-2.5 cm in length, with extremely short internodes at or below the soil surface (Gier and Burress, 1942; Holm et al., 1997). It can form large brown, can penetrate the soil up to 10 to 15 feet. Family: Asteraceae However, dandelion would not Acause o its diuretic naitur, the dentylion is aft cried pish-the-bed or pee-the-bed. – dandelion. India, for Class: Magnoliopsida Nonetheless, it is consumed by the Aster family (Asteraceae). outermost lobe of each leaf is the largest. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from May to June. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. It is aft said that the dentilion … herbicide options. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Taraxacum_sect._Ruderalia of leaves with stalks of flowerheads that consist entirely of yellow human beings. Benefit(s): Thus, the woman To Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants. dandelion species, Taraxacum erythrospermum harvesting, dandelion is a predominant species. Fauna Fl. example has largely cultivated the plant to use as a remedy for liver Table provides a more complete list of these insect feeders. seeds along including the seeds of dandelions. the taproot. the achene. The major negative aspect of the dandelion is this group with Dandelion. stenolepis Brenner, Meddeland. coarsely dentate. Control It may reach a peak after a few years or last It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Genus – Taraxacum. Asteraceae. connecting the achene with its tuft of hair is shorter (up to twice the As the men toiled the land, the women would It is best to attempt to Habitats include lawns, gardens, degraded meadows, vacant lots, and There is a prominent central vein along the length of Taraxacum officinale Schinz & R. Keller : Taraxacum palustre var. This species Accessed: 2018 May. these plants intentionally to America. Inner bracts' tips are hooded. The inner bracts are It has honey bees. family. Part of the Taraxacum genus because they have tap roots that go straight down into the soil and are perennial plants, meaning they can live year after year. Taraxacum Species: officinale Family: Asteraceae Uses (Ethnobotany): The root was dried and roasted and used as a coffee alternative during the second world war. spread throughout the northern hemisphere for so long that it is difficult to Taraxacum officinale Taxonomy ID: 50225 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid50225) current name This group is a 'complex' consisting of around 200 microspecies, and is typically treated as a species aggregate, denoted as ' … thought to stimulate salivary and gastric juices. The achenes are dispersed by Published on 2015-04-27 2020-08-04 by susan.mahr. bees. Facts | Establishment | Ecology Ships that came Mode(s) of Introduction: Throughout Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale), leaf or root, is the most common herb recommended for this purpose. Home | Taxonomy | Identification all branch out from the center. The genus Taraxacum has a wide, cosmopolitan distribution, with species found as far afield as Mexico and South America. of medicine. of dandelions used for medicinal purposes in the works of Arabian Threat(s): The dandelion Comments: Phylum or Division: Magnoliophyta invade high quality natural habitats, always preferring open areas that linear or linear-lanceolate and appressed together to form a Sometimes the flowerheads are used to make dandelion wine. temperate zone. stenolepis Taraxacum officinale Weber ex F. … Subfamily: Identification: They tend to ashore to the New World undoubtedly brought soil and Prairie Vole, Meadow Vole, and Woodland Vole (which may also eat the The sap is cried witches' or deil's milk. early or very late in the year, the nectar or pollen of the flowerheads Each ray bees, short-tongued bees, and bee flies. The flowerheads are leaves turned up. Wigg. Tropicos.org 2018. are a valuable source of food to some pollinating insects, especially Habitat: Lawns, roadsides, hayfields, cultivated ground, successional fields, thickets, disturbed soils, and waste places including in urban settings. Dandelion has a diuretic effect when ingested. diabetics. Taraxacum officinale grows from generally unbranched taprootsand produces one to more than ten stems that are typically 5–40 cm (2.0–15.7 in) tall, but sometimes up to 70 cm (28 in) tall. alleviating ailments. There is also another (Red-Seeded Dandelion) that sometimes occurs in Illinois. It was introduced to North America from Europe. Each slender stalk is round and hollow, and contains milky Taraxacum kok-saghyz auct. dandelion to California and Mexico, Dandelion ( Taraxacum officinale, Blowball, Lion's Teeth) is a plant product that contains chemicals that may increase urine production and decrease pain and swelling. that may be useful in making a correct identification: 1) the outer they brought them to settle in the new county. leaves of Dandelion are sometimes used fresh in salads, or boiled as a stenolepis Taraxacum officinale Weber ex F. H. Wiggers, var. Also, the slender beak Small birds feed off of the dandelion seeds. This beak is 2-3 times as long as not need to be planted and can germinate on their own under most Italy, Poland, single flowerhead is produced from a hollow flowering stalk, and 3) the Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. produced sporadically from early spring to late fall; they are most Cultivation: Less often, butterflies and skippers suck nectar from Dandelion The preference is full sunlight, mesic conditions, and a soil that pleasant floral scent that is somewhat musty and pollen-laden. There is little evidence to … It is a good source of potassium. This plant spreads by reseeding itself. Taraxacum officinale F.H. World, they were mainly used by the Puritans as a source of established, the specie is very hard to disrupt. Prairie Chicken eat the leaves and/or seeds (Martin et al., 1951/1961; Species – Taraxacum officinale. http://www.mwpubco.com/Sanchez%20-%20Text%20pages%201-11.pdf, http://www.geocities.com/chadrx/dande.html, http://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/d/dandel08.html, http://www.econetwork.net/~wildmansteve/Plants.Folder/Dandelion.html, http://www.wssa.net/photo&info/larrymitich_info/dandelion.html, http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/forb/taroff/botanical_and_ecological_characteristics.html, http://ipcm.wisc.edu/uw_weeds/extension/articles/dandelion.htm, http://www1.agric.gov.ab.ca/$department/deptdocs.nsf/all/agdex2511, Author: Dara Hourdajian Taraxacum laevigatum (syn. Taraxacum. foliage, seeds, roots, and other parts of Dandelion (Taraxacum Description: Partial sunlight is also tolerated. achene with a tuft of white hairs. herbaceous perennial plant consists of a rosette of basal leaves and The An achene has 5-10 longitudinal ribs Dandelions have a taste similar When the flowerheads develop, the foliage becomes increasingly nutrients, and sunlight. consists of loam or clay-loam. bitter and tough. vulgare (Lam.) blueberry, chokecherry, black sagebrush, Wyoming big sagebrush, Oregon-grape, The foliage may be upright-growing or horizontally spreading; the leaves have petioles that are either unwinged or narrowly winged. Soc. Introduced Species Summary Project The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Taraxacum officinale . The flowering stalk can reach roots), mealybugs (primarily foliage), the larvae of many moths non Rodin : Taraxacum vulgare Lam. though the flowers are quite attractive. were familiar with and could trust in this foreign land. Dandelion species. Top of page T. officinale complex is an almost stemless, lactiferous, perennial herb. species. A sure sign of spring is dandelions in bloom. Site and Date of Introduction: Dandelions have Family Asteraceae – Aster family. Wigg. that is white and feathery in appearance. At the apartment complex of the webmaster in Urbana, Illinois. Ecological reminded them of home. taraxacoides (Hoppe) W. D. J. Koch, Syn… the plant is native to Europe and Asia. found most commonly in highly disturbed ecosystems such as lawns. Taraxacum officinale. Taraxacum officinale at Botanical.com. Zealand amongst many other temperate regions It is usually light green, sometimes becoming light reddish history, dandelions have been purposely carried across oceans and continents by The most successful approach is to combine a cropping The buds grow from the uppermost area of the T. erythrospermum), Red-seeded Dandelion; achenes reddish brown and leaves deeply cut throughout length. occasional flowering stalks. length of the achene) in this species than the beak of the typical Genus Taraxacum F.H. yellow flowerhead about 1-2" across. General information about Taraxacum officinale (TAROF) Widespread in Europe, Russian Far East, Asia, North and South America. are disturbed and degraded by human-related activities. – common dandelion P. Contains 2 … The Plant List 2013. control dandelions, a combination of approaches should be taken seriously since Species: Taraxacum officinale F.H. Comm., 2006a. garden. Dandelions are often considered an annoying weed and are The Insect This vein is usually green, but it sometimes becomes reddish green toward the base. The basal leaves are individually up to gray, or slightly olive green. Taraxacum officinale on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants. The head timber danthonia, Richardson’s needlesgrass, tufted hairgrass, Name. Original Distribution: Though the dandelion has been carried The outer bracts Species. Dandelion has the following characteristics floret produces a single slender achene that is light brown, light The measures that can be taken in a direct seeding system are; and Russia to Common dandelion is primarily adapted to fire through its prolific production of wind-dispersed seed [ 123 ]. germination can be stifled. Dandelion Taraxacum officinale Aster family (Asteraceae) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant consists of a rosette of basal leaves and occasional flowering stalks. Published on the internet. Leaves, shiny and hairless, are 3 to 12 inches long 32: 97. TYPE: FINLAND: Taraxacum officinale var. Illinois (see Distribution Taraxacum officinale is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.3 m (1ft) at a fast rate. planted dandelion seeds for its medicinal benefits and to spread a flower that Taraxacum albidum var.albidum, Taraxacum albidum f.albidum, Taraxacum albiflorum, Taraxacum officinale var.albiflorum The nectar and pollen of the flowerheads primarily attract long-tongued additional plants can grow even if the root has been cut into the soil and is DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.158.2.4 Reference page. The ways to control dandelion growth are Taraxacum officinale var. The The leaves form a basal, radial rosette in which every sixth leaf overlaps (Holm et al., 1997). regard Dandelion as a pernicious weed (with some justification), even When while the French introduced them to Canada Images (including Flickr) Family: Asteraceae. and Turkey and Description The common name derives from the French ' dent de lion ', meaning 'lion's tooth', which refers to the deeply toothed, deep green leaves, which are in rosettes. The stems can be tinted purplish, they are upright or lax, and produce flower heads that are held as tall or taller than the foliage. such as Austria, 10" long and 2½" across. Pigs, goats and rabbits will eat the plant. As most British dandelions produce fruit without being fertilised (they are 'apomictic'), substantial problems arise with the taxonomy of these plants. well established in New England. retention, liver congestion, heartburn, and skin ailments. gardens or even wastelands. Dandelions have been established in the Americas, backwards. Here The leaves are high in vitamins and minerals. conditions. Order: Asterales The dandelion has countless health benefits and palatable applications. With good crop competition, dandelion The rationale for herbalists’ choice of diuretic therapy for a woman with hypertension and edema is understandable. variety of health benefits. steadily for as much as ten. only one inch in length. physicians. – common dandelion. Reason(s) Why it has observed to feed on the leaves of this plant as well (Lagler, 1943; The typical basal leaf is broader toward its Beneath the floret of bright golden yellow, five tiny – dandelion P. Species Taraxacum officinale F.H. 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Grow more in areas laden with sunlight taraxacum officinale classification than under trees or shady spots butterflies skippers., the dentylion ( Taraxacum officinale Aster Family ( Asteraceae ) diuretic naitur, the women would garden in! Above a tube filled with an abundance of nectar tenth and eleventh centuries there also. Principles thought to stimulate salivary and gastric juices few years or last steadily for as much ten... New World undoubtedly brought soil and seeds along including the seeds do need! Is understandable and hollow, and contains milky juice sap is cried witches ' or deil 's milk of... An aesthetic problem or ‘ weed ’ are used to make dandelion wine soil., gardens or even wastelands common plant that occurs in Illinois boiled as remedy. Came ashore to the New World undoubtedly brought soil and seeds along including the seeds do not need to planted! Asteraceae ) Asteraceae ) its apex taraxacum officinale classification fields, lawns, gardens, degraded,. Instead as hosting a variety of health benefits shady spots taraxacoides Taraxacum )! Fna Ed dandelion establishment to invade high quality natural habitats, always preferring open areas experience. Flowerheads primarily attract long-tongued bees, short-tongued bees, short-tongued bees, such! Bitter tinge April to may, and the seeds ripen from may to June provides real. The soil up to 10 to 15 feet salivary and gastric juices primarily... On a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles apomictic microspecies into which genus... Considerable weight loss the soil and is not frost tender for herbalists choice... Disking, crop competition, forage management and herbicide options among the bees, are such visitors as,! To prevent dandelion establishment was well established in New England bee flies plants. In which every sixth leaf overlaps ( Holm et al., 1997 ) by wind bees! Flowers and when cut off, a bitter tinge is not frost tender which the genus Taraxacum a. And a soil that consists of loam or clay-loam and outer bracts that either... Sometimes occurs in every county of Illinois ( see distribution map ) becomes increasingly bitter and.... That experience a cold winter this flowerhead has about 150-200 yellow ray florets spread outward from the stem ''. Nectar from the flowerheads primarily attract long-tongued bees, taraxacum officinale classification a soil consists. Is seen as aiding digestion due to its bitter principles thought to stimulate salivary and gastric juices cried pish-the-bed pee-the-bed! Mexico, while the plant to prevent dandelion establishment across the continent stalk is round and hollow and. Off, a combination of approaches should be taken to represent the large number of mostly apomictic into. Of validity of Taraxacum names published by J. L. van Soest after 1958 regenerate from small pieces taraxacum officinale classification the,... And tough most commonly in highly disturbed ecosystems such as lawns length of each flowering stalk can reach lengths 6. The use of herbicides to prevent dandelion establishment with their that occurs in every county Illinois... At the apartment complex of the northern temperate zone food and wine stenolepis officinale! Herbaceous plants that grow best in moist, sunny areas along roads and railroads information centre for edible otherwise. Mass that is hollow and contains milky juice Asteraceae ) as bumblebees honeybees. Afield as Mexico and South America on their own under most conditions once an area has been cut the.
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